“Best programming languages”, well, this title might be somewhat misleading. Every programming language has its own pros and cons and while one can be best at doing something, it might be worst at another. As we all know python is in high demand in the market right know as it is much easier to code in python as compared to Java and C++ but one should also consider the fact that python is around 100 times slower than C++. So instead of ranking programming languages, I will tell you about the pros and cons of them and after that, you can decide for yourself the best programming language.
C++ is a highly flexible, platform-independent programming language created in 1985. You can realize its importance by just knowing the fact Microsoft Windows and Google Chrome are created using c++. Due to its high speed and library support, it is the first choice for most of the competitive programmers. But if you are looking for high graphics-based applications or android applications, then, c++ is not your best choice.
Java is an object-oriented, platform-independent programming language created in 1991 by the sun MicroSystems. It offers smooth memory management, allows multi-threading and more secure code. It is the first choice for android developers. Even then though concepts in java are much easier than in c++, it is slower than c++ and it also takes more memory space.
From an industrial point of view, Python is the best language right know. It is used in web applications, desktops apps, network servers, machine learning and many other fields. Python-based web development frameworks like Django, pyramid are in demand in the market. Though python provides easy code and used in many fields, it is much slower than its counterparts like java and C++.
Swift was announced by Apple in 2014. It is probably the best language to develop Apple products and iOS apps. If you are aspiring to be an iOS developer at Apple, then, swift might be your best choice.
Kotlin is google’s official language for Android app development. This can be a sufficient reason to start learning kotlin. Its code is much simpler than java. You can also inter-convert kotlin and java code to each other.
Go is developed by Google to provide simpler code than python and faster code than c++. It is gradually getting popular in the market. There are popular languages like Rust, c#, Ruby and PHP which are very useful and popular like languages above but I won’t be discussing them in this article.